Among the physically perfect and universally beautiful denizens of Mount Olympus, Hephaestus was both physically imperfect and simply attired. As in the Parthenon, there is a sculptured frieze above the exterior of the cella walls; this, however, extends only over the east and west fronts and the east ends of the sides. 420–413 BC respectively. He was credited with inventing a type of wheelchair and in the Iliad he created twenty wheeled tripod automatons to help him. It is a Doric peripteral temple, and is located at the north-west side of the Agora of Athens, on top of the Agoraios Kolonos hill. While other gods had powerful or impressive symbols and animals, Hephaestus was shown like a true smith. This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC. It was only during the Peace of Nicias (421–415 BC) that the roof was completed and the cult images were installed. Exactly when the temple was converted to a Christian church remains unknown. Temple of Hephaestus: A piece of history..... - See 4,520 traveler reviews, 2,787 candid photos, and great deals for Athens, Greece, at Tripadvisor. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. The temple was officially inaugurated in 416–415 BC. Recommended By. He rode to the wedding of Thetis and Peleus on his donkey’s back and even went to war with the giants on his ass. The project was sponsored by the Athenian politician Pericles and designed by an unknown architect whose handiwork can be seen throughout Attica. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Like most Greek gods, he also had certain animals that he was closely associated with. Temple of Hephaestus. If there was one god whose role could be identified by any of his images, it was Hephaestus. There were numerous potters' workshops and metal-working shops in the vicinity of the temple, as befits the temple's honoree. The Temple of Hephaestus or Hephaisteion (also "Hephesteum"; Ancient Greek: Ἡφαιστεῖον, Greek: Ναός Ηφαίστου) or earlier as the Theseion (also "Theseum"; Ancient Greek: Θησεῖον, Greek: Θησείο), is a well-preserved Greek temple; it remains standing largely intact. The last Divine Liturgy in the temple took place on 21 February 1833, during the celebrations for the arrival of Otto in Greece. Its style indicates that this, the best-preserved ancient Greek temple in the world, is slightly older than the Parthenon (i.e., c. 450–440 bc ), and its unknown architect may even have changed his plan for the interior after seeing Ictinus ’s Parthenon designs. That saddle was on a beast that was unusual for an Olympian. They were the simple tools that his followers, the craftsmen who prayed to him, would use every day. This is not unusual in mythology. It's such a lovely building to look at, looking at all the details is just amazing! The gods of most cultures represented the highest orders of society even if they presided over work like agriculture or fishing. According to the archeologists, the temple was built around 450 B.C. "Temple of Hephaestus." Images of Hephaestus reflected his unusual status on Olympus through more than just his personal appearance. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Among them, he looked like an average commoner instead of a fellow god. The Temple of Hephaistos, Agora of Athens. The temple has been known as the Theseum since the Middle Ages, apparently because some of its sculptures represent the exploits of the hero Theseus. His sacred bird was the crane. Hephaestus was also associated with both fire and volcanoes. Of all the gods, Hephaestus had the most in common with the average laborers of the ancient world. Pausanias described the temple in the 2nd century: In the 3rd century BC a small garden of pomegranate, myrtle, and laurel trees and shrubs was planted around the temple. I have been in love with all things related to Mythology. When Pericles came to power, he envisioned a grand plan for transforming Athens into the centre of Greek power and culture. Alternative Title: Temple of Hephaestus Theseum , temple in Athens dedicated to Hephaestus and Athena as patrons of the arts and crafts. Even his clothing was more simple, a common tunic instead of the intricately draped robes of Zeus or Poseidon. Name. But Greek art was particularly focused on presenting idealized forms, making Hephaestus and his imagery stand out even more. Web. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Even his mount was a marker of his low status. No wonder this name means volcano in Greek. The god was also sometimes shown with a walking stick. "Temple of Hephaestus."

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