Adult companions may be used as interpreters only in emergencies and only when other factors are met. 82 As to number (3), a child welfare agency should provide the family of the child with the services necessary for the safe return of the child to the child’s home in a manner that meets the unique needs of the family. /Font /CropBox [0 3.84 431.04 652.8] screens for medications, medical equipment, and certain health conditions, veteran with a disability or a wounded warrior. << Education and Training of the Mentally Retarded, 20, 99 – 108. Care Proceedings and parents with learning difficulties: Comparative prevalence and outcomes in an English and Australian Court Sample. All my childhood friends’ parents had cars and could drive. /Length 2843 13. http://www.hscic.gov.uk/catalogue/PUB01760, Equality Act 2010. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2010/15/contents. /CropBox [0 3.84 431.04 652.8] §§ 3601 et seq. /Resources Learn about special accommodations for travelers and voters. /XObject 361 0 R Goodinge, S. (2000). /Type /Font /F5 269 0 R 07-0088, Available at SSRN: If you need immediate assistance, call 877-SSRNHelp (877 777 6435) in the United States, or +1 212 448 2500 outside of the United States, 8:30AM to 6:00PM U.S. Eastern, Monday - Friday. To file a complaint, contact your state, local or tribal employment rights office. For questions, contact the Section 508 program. /F3 141 0 R According to a comprehensive 2012 report from the National Council on Disability (NCD), parents with disabilities are overly, and often inappropriately, referred to child welfare services, and once involved, are permanently separated at disproportionately high rates.6  In a review of research studies and other data, NCD concluded that among parents with disabilities, parents with intellectual disabilities and parents with psychiatric disabilities face the most discrimination based on stereotypes, lack of individualized assessments, and failure to provide needed services.7 Parents who are blind or deaf also report significant discrimination in the custody process, as do parents with other physical disabilities.8  Individuals with disabilities seeking to become foster or adoptive parents also encounter bias and unnecessary barriers to foster care and adoption placements based on speculation and stereotypes about their parenting abilities.9. /Type /Font /Filter /FlateDecode All stated that they had received inadequate support from both family and professionals before and after their children were removed. endobj HHS may also refer cases to DOJ for litigation where a violation is found and is not voluntarily resolved.94, Title II and Section 504 allow for declaratory and injunctive relief, such as an order from a court finding a violation and requiring the provision of reasonable modifications. /Contents 68 0 R /ProcSet 35 0 R (2000). /F10 17 0 R http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/civilrights/complaints/index.html. Department of Health (2012).Reasonably Adjusted? The incidence of criminal victimisation of individuals with an intellectual disability. << << In either case, look for an attorney who specializes in employment law. Leicester: The British Psychological Society. /F8 7 0 R Heather Watkins is a parent who has muscular dystrophy, and she serves on the advisory board of National Research Center for Parents with Disabilities. /F3 61 0 R >> 69 0 obj<< Heather Watkins suggests that disabled parents should have adequate support systems that include other disabled parents. << /F1 127 0 R /BaseFont /Courier-BoldOblique How can agencies comply with the ADA and Section 504 while also ensuring health and safety? civil rights and ADA compliance for railroads, ADA discrimination when traveling by rail, accommodation rights in buses and how to make a complaint. /Contents 326 0 R This page was processed by aws-apollo1 in 0.156 seconds, Using the URL or DOI link below will ensure access to this page indefinitely. /CropBox [0 3.84 431.04 652.8] /Font Where this is the case, Title II and Section 504 may require agencies to provide additional, individually tailored services and resources to meet the requirement to provide an equal opportunity to participate in and benefit from the program. /F11 275 0 R /F8 250 0 R /ProcSet 181 0 R How does the equal opportunity requirement apply to case planning activities of child welfare agencies? /F7 267 0 R This story was also discussed and debated on BBC Radio 4 Woman’s Hour on 28th August 2012 (http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p00xxjp3 or http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b007qlvb/broadcasts/2012/08 ‘Chapter: Mother with learning disabilities are parents with learning disabilities and their children given a fair chance to stay together as a family)’. McGaw, S. & Newman, T. (2005). /Type /Page /F12 144 0 R It calls for the creation of an Individualized Education Program (IEP) for each child. /F11 372 0 R /F8 40 0 R /XObject 216 0 R /F6 381 0 R /MediaBox [0 3.84 431.04 652.8] ), Parents with Learning Disabilities (pp. 92, Aggrieved individuals may also file complaints with HHS and DOJ. I couldn’t go outside in cold weather for as long as my friends could due to the side effects of Raynaud’s syndrome, and she modeled dressing in warm layers and taking breaks to go inside to show me how she survived New England winters. >>endobj /Resources The ADA and Section 504 are consistent with the principle of child safety. 53 0 obj<< /F7 251 0 R These include the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the Help America Vote Act (HAVA). Information about filing an ADA or Section 504 complaint with DOJ can be found at www.ada.gov/filing_complaint.htm. London Network of Parents with Learning Difficulties (2009), www.bristol.ac.uk/wtwpn/resources/parenting-toolkit.pdf. >> /F6 220 0 R %���� “I believe we need to see more disabled parenting across the media landscape so it becomes part of the collective consciousness,” says Watkins. However, in spite of this, it is recognised that these parents face an increased risk of losing their children (Booth, 2000) and that their children are more likely to be described as vulnerable (Keltner, Wise & Taylor, 1999). Answer:  In addition to providing to parents with disabilities all reunification services that it provides to parents without disabilities, a child welfare agency may be required, under Title II and Section 504, to arrange for available services from sources outside of the agency as a reasonable modification of its procedures and practices for parents with disabilities so long as doing so would not constitute a fundamental alteration. /F3 109 0 R I can go over, under or around.” This increases creative thinking and problem solving skills from early in life. << This article was first published on the site in 2014. tel +44 (0) 1707 284800 /F10 228 0 R Park and Ride: AL10 8HS, Understanding Intellectual Disability and Health. rights of mentally ill mothers, while few discuss the termination of rights of both parents. Bakken, J., Miltenberger, R. G. & Schauss, S. (1993). /ProcSet 229 0 R /F7 153 0 R endobj Craft, A. In addition to struggling to get or retain parental rights at all, disabled parents also face the inability to make choices about how they parent their kids. /Parent 166 0 R /Type /Page Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 18, 7 – 17. << /F1 63 0 R Title II and Section 504 also make child welfare agencies responsible for the programs and activities of private and non-profit agencies that provide services to children and families on behalf of the state or municipality.56, Answer:  Yes.

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