Linear B is a syllabic script that was used for writing Mycenaean Greek, the earliest attested form of Greek.The script predates the Greek alphabet by several centuries. Archaeologies of the Greek Past - Home, Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology & the Ancient World Audio taper is designed to mimic how your ears work. ( Log Out /  I think it’s less about deciphering individual languages, and more about actually tracing the evolution and development of language and writing systems. It seems to me to be a great tragedy indeed, that when the ancient civilizations of Crete might yet speak to us, we have no way to listen. Such a simple piece of knowledge lacking, so much of our civilization lost.

[email protected] :�Рq{y���_V>Yi���=�t;~�Ym��|���O T� ��"���{��� t�s2B��g|�fT9���U�D��̱�k&Qv� 1�m�P���e�� -�I)S1����O'�{.������w������ a�Oq�h��2�cF?FŹ. It was used between the 17th If genuine, the Kafkania pebble is the oldest Linear B document attested. Experts believe Linear A may have been written in the Minoan language. It is generally seen as a more simplified and less pictorial version of the earlier scripts though. Map showing where Linear B tablets have been found (special emphasis on those with archives) Locations where painted Linear B inscriptions have been found. Certainly, translating a text is a whole different beast from excavating and analyzing potsherds, but no less important. [0 0 792 612] >> These early tablets survived because they were baked in the fire which burned down the palace. In all, archaeologists discovered 5500 tablets across six palace sites across the Greek world, 4000 at Knossos. Linear A script was the prevalent form of writing on Crete between 1850 to 1400BC. Linguistic Archaeology seems to be so distinct from what many consider ‘traditional’ archaeology. 2 0 obj

Though it is known that they kept complex records, we have no idea what these records say. Decimal symbols served as numbers. However, Linear A presents a different beast altogether.

4 0 obj Theses include rectangular clay tablets recording transactions and calculations, and clay ‘palm leaf’ tablets which were elongated tablets lists. The idea that language has as much value as artifacts in archaeology is truly interesting, and I almost wish we had been able to delve into it a bit more – though it must be rather esoteric compared to looking at artifacts. If Linear B was truly derived from Linear A, it’s almost strange how different they truly are in both their symbols and their structure. At least twelve of the symbols are thought to have ser… xڝ�Ao"1���>�C�8���]uO�C��zF�J�+�������!�j�0��>=?���� v�!�h�@���kx�-���`ѩ�b�tX��! Linear B was first studied by Sir Arthur Evans (Evans, Sir Arthur), but it was not until 1952 that it was deciphered by Michael Ventris. This is because too few of the texts survive to allow comparison for successful deciphering. I believe this is the biggest reason the link between Linear A and Linear B – deciphering their relationship could provide insight into cultures we may not have even realize were linked.

Providence, RI 02912 endobj Sir Arthur Evans first discovered the script at Knossos. This is because when Linear A was deciphered using symbols from Linear B, the result was a garbled mess that did not make any sense. The earliest form of Minoan writing was pictorial. In 1886, the keeper of the Ashmolean Museum and prominent Hellenic archaeologist Arthur Evans was given an ancient seal stone from Crete engraved with an unknown writing system. The same tragedy befell the Inca. 1 0 obj 1340 to 1190 BCE. x�+TT(c}�\C�|�@ 1�� Key Pages: Linear B was used to write an archaic form of Greek known as Mycenaean Greek, which was the official dialect of the Mycenaean civilization. Linear A is a writing system that was used by the Minoans (Cretans) from 1800 to 1450 BC to write the hypothesized Minoan language. << /ProcSet [ /PDF ] /XObject << /Fm1 5 0 R >> >> There is evidence of the use of Linear B on mainland Greece from ca. Not long after this discovery, Michael Ventris made a breakthrough that would crack Linear B wide open.



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