"St. It has been asserted that the journeys of St. Hilarion are a plagiarism of some old tales of travel. Jerome was born in Venice, the son of Angelo Emiliani (popularly called Miani) and Eleonore Mauroceni.His father died when he was a teenager and Gerolamo ran away at the age of 15 to join the army. Jerome was born at Stridon, a village near Emona on the border of Dalmatia and Pannonia. The "Apologeticum adversus Rufinum" dealt with the Origenistic controversies. It is in this correspondence that the temperament of St. Jerome is most clearly seen: his waywardness, his love of extremes, his exceeding sensitiveness; how he was in turn exquisitely dainty and bitterly satirical, unsparingly outspoken concerning others and equally frank about himself. It has been asserted that the journeys of St. Hilarion are a plagiarism of some old tales of travel. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08341a.htm. The orator is lengthy and apologizes for it. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Sean Hyland. Jovinian was more dangerous than Helvidius. But the progress of his Hebraistic studies and his intercourse with the rabbis made him give up that idea, and he recognized as inspired the original text only. Transcription. Contact information. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. This distinction is particularly necessary with St. Jerome, whose method of work was very rapid, and consisted in transcribing the interpretations of former exegetes without passing criticism on them. When he was about 12, his parents sent him to Rome to study both Greek and Latin. Vol. Under these circumstances it came about that when Rufinus, who was a genuine Origenist, called on him to justify his use of Origen, the explanations he gave were not free from embarrassment. His "Dialogue" against the Luciferians deals with a schismatic sect whose founder was Lucifer, Bishop of Cagliari in Sardinia. He is a monk addressing monks, not without making very obvious allusions to contemporary events. To understand St. Jerome's position we must remember that the works of Origen were by far the most complete exegetical collection then in existence, and the one most accessible to students. Among the historical works of St. Jerome must be noted the translation and the continuation of the "Chronicon Eusebii Caesariensis", as the continuation written by him, which extends from 325 to 378, served as a model for the annals of the chroniclers of the Middle Ages; hence the defects in such works: dryness, superabundance of data of every description, lack of proportion and of historical sense. The question at issue was to determine if certain doctrines professed by Origen and others taught by certain pagan followers of Origen could be accepted. Excepting the "Commentarius in ep. What are the release dates for The Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug? APA citation. In his controversies he was simply the interpreter of the accepted ecclesiastical doctrine. In spite of their turgid diction they are full of the man's personality. In 382 Jerome returned to Rome and became secretary to Pope Damasus. His response to temptation was incessant prayer and fasting. There he pursued his scholarly work on the Bible and propagated the ascetic life. Also while in the employ of the pope, Jerome used the best Greek manuscripts he could find to revise the Old Latin version of the Gospels, an attempt that wasn't entirely successful and, furthermore, wasn't very well received among the Roman clergy. Jerome died in Bethlehem on September 30, 420. Grade 5, chapter 9 Toward the end of his schooling, he was formally baptized, possibly by the pope himself (Liberius). [3], This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Henceforth he led a life of asceticism and study; but even then he was troubled by controversies which will be mentioned later, one with Rufinus and the other with the Pelagians. For the next two decades, Jerome traveled widely. Decades later, Jerome would minimize the importance of the dream and disown the commentary; but at the time, and for years afterward, he would not read the classics for pleasure. Not long after this experience, Jerome set off to become a hermit in the desert of Chalcis in the hopes of finding inner peace. Pope Damasus called Jerome to Rome to be the papal secretary. However that may be, Jerome may be accused of imprudence of language and blamed for a too hasty method of work. Later he went to Aquileia, and towards 373 he set out on a journey to the East. At Bergamo, he also founded a hostel for repentant prostitutes. After a few months he was compelled to leave Rome. How did Saint Jerome die? But he went too far in his reaction against the ideas of his time, and is open to reproach for not having sufficiently appreciated the Septuagint. Arguing against the monk Jovinian, who maintained that marriage and virginity should be viewed as equally righteous, Jerome wrote Adversus Jovinianum. Omissions? We must make special mention of the translation of the homilies "In Canticum Canticorum", the Greek original of which has been lost. While the amount of work he did was considerable, Jerome didn't manage to make a complete translation of the Bible into Latin; however, his work formed the core of what would become, eventually, the accepted Latin translation known as The Vulgate. The "Vita S. Pauli Eremitae" is not a very reliable document. The orator is lengthy and apologizes for it. In 406, he commented on Osee, Joel, Amos, Zacharias, Malachias; in 408, on Daniel; from 408 to 410, on the remainder of Isaias; from 410 to 415, on Ezechiel; from 415-420, on Jeremias.

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