That is a different threshold set at a higher weight level. cookie settings to include "Targeting Cookies" to view this form: All views expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily represent the Does your vehicle weigh 10,001 pounds gross combination vehicle weight (. Canada V7M 3J3, © Copyright United World Transportation 2014 All rights reserved. FMCSA: Operating as a Motor Carrier in the United States. Pickup trucks and trailers rarely transport passengers for compensation, let alone nine or more. Here, I will discuss only DOT weight regulations and the weight threshold that will trigger DOT regulations applicable to light trucks and trailers. This 7-8-day period can be restarted after taking at least 34 consecutive hours off. First, however, a caution: Regulations and laws change frequently, and each state is different. Second, violation of these rules may be used against a noncompliant insured in lawsuits. While all states are required to adhere to federal regulations, individual states may have additional regulations or rules in place related to DOT numbers. These requirements are regardless of whether you own only one truck or 100. For this post I will make two assumptions. To help explain why this is often missed, it may be helpful to look at an example. You need to apply for and display a USDOT number on your vehicles if your company transports passengers or if you are a cargo carrier who transports cargo across state lines. You will need a CDL … Therefore, FMCSA requirements generally don’t apply to … Do transport hazardous material in quantities requiring placarding. The other states have state-based DOT regulations (similar to federal OSHA vs. state OSHA). The DOT number must be displayed on both sides of the vehicle. While fines and other consequences vary depending on the state, all states are required to abide by this federal regulation. Check with your local office for specifics for your state. A USDOT number must be prominently displayed on each vehicle used for these purposes, or, in some states, on all cargo vehicles. If the insured owns a small pickup truck but has a heavy trailer, the combined weight of the truck and the trailer’s listed weight affects whether the rule applies. In other words, depending on which state you’re in and whether or not you cross state lines, the threshold is different. First of all, you must be registered with the DOT, although you are not required to hold a commercial driving license. If it exceeds the threshold, then DOT regulations start to kick in. A pickup truck will not generally require a DOT number because the weight of most such vehicles falls under the 10,000-pound threshold. Would love your thoughts, please comment. Follow these links for Part 2 and Part 3 of this series, on passengers and payment type and substances and toxins, respectively. Do transport hazardous material in quantities requiring placarding? The law applies to every vehicle with a single power unit over 10,001 GVW. Many employers assume that if their drivers don’t need a CDL, then they are not subject to any DOT regulations. The USDOT released a new CSA (Compliance, Safety, and Accountability) program for enforcement of the USDOT regulations. For those driving commercial trucks which carry cargo, there are some addition DOT regulations which need to be adhered to. There are two types of fleet operations. Remember, this combined weight ratings so if you are using a 6,000-pound truck and towing at it's max capacity of say, 5,000 pounds - the 11,000-pound GCWR now requires a DOT number. Depending on which type of fleet you operate and which state you operate in, the weight threshold that triggers a need for compliance can be different. Keep in mind, if you are crossing state lines you may also need an MC Number. Lauren Fletcher has covered the truck fleet industry since 2006 and is the executive editor of Work Truck magazine. In 7-8 consecutive days, a truck driver is not allowed to drive more than 60-70 hours. This number is provided based on a few factors and not all trucks require one. A trailer with a GVWR of 3,001 pounds or higher would push the GCWR to 10,001 pounds. There are no specific regulations as to the location, but the door of truck cabs is a popular choice, as it provides ample room to put the required information. If you drive a vehicle which is anywhere from 10,001 lbs to 26,000 lbs, you are required to meet many regulatory demands. Do You Know the DOT Requirements for Vehicles Over 10,000 lbs? Simply stated, interstate commerce involves at least one state and another state or foreign jurisdiction. It does not matter whether the weight rating is of a single vehicle (GVWR) or a combination of vehicles (GVWR + GVWR = GCWR). Here we explain them in more detail. Do remember that some short-haultruck drivers will have unique exceptions to this. From the Desk of Carrier Relations: Refrigerated Trailer Temperature Settings, Guest Post: From the Desk of Carrier Relations, Another Thursday Visit from the Carrier Relations Department, Pocket-sized, yet powerful: Pulp thermometers and how to use them, The Newest Safety Technology for Truck Drivers and Fleet Operators, Simple Fleet Management Tips to Reduce Liability Risks, How to Pick the Best CB Radio (Ultimate Guide for Truckers), Do You Have a Fleet Asset Theft Plan? Companies that operate commercial vehicles transporting passengers or hauling cargo in interstate commerce must be registered with the FMCSA and must have a USDOT Number. Trucks being used for non-commercial purposes are not subject to the rules. If you operate only on private property or are not operating in commerce, the DOT does not have jurisdictional authority over your operations. The overall limit to bear in mind is 14 hours, and the off-duty time does not extend past the 14-hour period. Thirty-three states, including Pennsylvania, have enacted laws more restrictive than the USDOT regulations and require a USDOT Number for all commercial vehicles registered in those states. Ellen holds a Bachelor of Science in health science from State University New York, a master's degree in math education from Jacksonville University and a Master of Arts in creative writing from National University. All Rights Reserved. More information and the link to the USDOT Training Safer System Presentation may be found at http://csa.fmcsa.dot.gov. Instead of Federal Annual Inspections, you are required to get a new MA Commercial Vehicle Inspection done, carrying a copy of this report in the vehicle at all times. Speaking of paperwork, you must also carry your valid driving license and medical certificate at all times, although substance and alcohol testing is not a prerequisite, except for certain trucks carrying lots of passengers and/or hazardous materials which could be very dangerous if handled poorly. The DOT number must be displayed on both sides of the vehicle. There are currently no news items posted. If you want to know if your truck or vans require a U.S. Not in michigan public act 231 as long as your hauling under 26000 lbs then there is no need for one! Subscribe today! Is your vehicle designed to transport more than 15 people (including the driver)? April 10, 2019 To learn more about federal regulations, visit the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) website. You need a CDL for trucks over 26,000GVW even trucks at 26,000 with air brakes you can drive without a air brake endorsement. In fact, they may be required to keep driver qualification files; pull and check motor vehicle records; maintain medical cards; carry out road evaluations; ensure their drivers are not disqualified; keep hours of service records; and more.

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