The evidence from this area, Gujarat, and north Maharashtra suggests an. M. R. Mughal’s study of settlements in this region shows a drastic reduction in the number of sites as the river dried up. They argued that such flooding which could drown buildings 30 feet above the ground level of the settlement could not be the result of normal flooding in the river Indus. endstream endobj 8358 0 obj <>/Metadata 155 0 R/Pages 8326 0 R/PieceInfo 8330 0 R/StructTreeRoot 321 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 8359 0 obj <>>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> endobj 8360 0 obj <>stream CAUSES OF DECLINE OF THE INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION Introduction: The Harappan Civilization lasted for about one thousand years. h�bbd``b`����s�H� ��@��O&F3�#����:_ �: Thus, from a regional perspective, the period succeeding the urban phase can be treated as one of. Mohenjo-Daro was on a high water table, and any deeper excavation threatens to flood the site. Md. Silt deposition would parallel the rising surface of water in the hypothetical lake. But the abandonment of the major cities and the de-urbanisation of other settlements indicates the decline of the Harappan civilization. As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The destruction due to change in the course of river Ghaggar. Thus it would be appropriate to say that the continuity of the Indus Civilization into later ages covers all the walks of life not just the religious and spiritual fields. And if the people of Mohenjodaro were familiar with those kinds of shifts in the river course why could not they themselves shift to some new settlement and establish another city like Mohenjodaro. Scholars working on the Indus civilization no longer look for the causes of its decline. 2. Decline set in around 1900 BC and after 1700 BC, little remained in Harappan civilization. In pre-modern societies the population could not increase so much in a space of a few generations that 13 settlements would multiply into more than 200 or more settlements. In the Kachi plain, there were fairly large settlements, growing a variety of crops, supplemented with irrigation. Such an uplift along the coast and in the lower Indus valley could also have seriously, On the basis of his study of pollen from Rajasthan lakes, Gurdip Singh suggests a. Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine. Rural Decline in Indus Valley Civilisation The main livelihood of the inhabitants of Indus valley is agriculture. Thus, there is a distinct possibility that people inhabiting these new settlements came from other areas. It was a buff-ware with red slip with paintings in black. Or use it to upload your own PowerPoint slides so you can share them with your teachers, class, students, bosses, employees, customers, potential investors or the world. Thick silt deposits have been noticed at points as high as 80 feet above the present day ground level. First Published: May 5, 2011 | Last Updated:May 5, 2011. A stage came when the impoverished Harappans could not take it any more and they simply abandoned the settlement. However, even now;,the chronology of the end of Hrrappan cities remains tentative. Then, there was a fall in the average rainfall in the cities leading to the formation of desert-like condition. Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 1) Pottery- Some of the forms and features of the pots used by the Harappans can be seen in traditional kitchens even today. In fact, at around the time that people were abandoning Mohenjodaro, the people of Rojdi in Saurashtra were expanding and rebuilding their settlement. endstream endobj 8361 0 obj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB]/XObject<>>>/StructParents 0/Subtype/Form/Type/XObject>>stream The 37 groups of skeletal remains at Mohenjodaro do not belong to the same cultural phase and, therefore, cannot be connected to a single event. There is a decline in the number of settlements from 174 in the mature Harappan phase to 50 in the late Harappan phase. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! �(|2�-�{O�wB�f(KÕ���2��!>�n��Aߊ�#CG&�P/��\�sȕ�[email protected]ա�d��L�F�1 ��5�6�(?��h�8D��C}D��4�.�G}��M�����e�����ա��y,=�>�b�o��v��0���o�۪nR�ųԋ�R)�S}q�ݶ馓0�y��r?�S��C�_6���u�0B���B�&4B ���j�#�l�P<>���[q�&K�c��f��RtK��,q�. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. The culture and traditions of the Indus valley Civilisation have been preserved without a breakdown to the present day and it includes all walks of life not just the religious and spiritual fields. %%EOF 7) Use of talisman and amulets still continues in the Indian society. The enduring fertility of soils of the Indian sub-continent over the subsequent millennia disproves the hypothesis of soil exhaustion in this area. Decline of the Indus Valley Civilization. The evidence of fire worship and sacrifice in Kalibangan and Lothal is significant. In semi-arid regions like those of the Harappa, even a minor reduction in moisture and water availability could spell disaster. Or use it to create really cool photo slideshows - with 2D and 3D transitions, animation, and your choice of music - that you can share with your Facebook friends or Google+ circles. ( Log Out /  If so, share your PPT presentation slides online with If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. The settlements were small, houses were generally made of wattle and daub, but the agricultural base was very diverse. The Indus is an unstable river system which keeps shifting its bed. Brick houses have been reported from Bara and Siswal. Presented by: Any breakdown in these chains of relationships could lead to the decline of the cities. BR- There were no advanced cities in the Indus valley. The decline of Harappan city Dholavira was caused by drying up of river like Saraswati river and Meghalayan drought. Hebrew and Greek accounts and surviving artifacts, like the pyramids kept them alive in popular imagination. caused prolonged submergence of the cities located on the bank of the river Indus. Owing to this, people of the Indus Valley started shifting to some other location leading to the decline in the entire civilization. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Do Now: Indus Valley Dig Work in pairs HW: See Web page Chapter 3: Ancient Indian ... - Title: Eight Features of a Civilization Author: Monica Birtwistle Last modified by: Samantha Leone Created Date: 8/27/2008 1:17:06 AM Document presentation format.

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