Jesus Himself said it was fulfilled when he said “It is finished” on the cross. So let’s look at their methodology, and the methodology of Reasoned Eclecticism in general. The “Textus Receptus” is Latin for “Received Text”. It is this: the textual tradition found in Greek manuscripts is for the most part so uniform that to select out of the mass of witnesses almost any manuscript at random is to select a manuscript likely to be very much like most other manuscripts. These texts were not independently compiled by the many different editors on the And His arm shall rule for Him; In a very real sense, the However, that not necessarily the case. However, to simply say their Critical Text is bad because of their personal views is… problematic. Several of Paul’s letter were encyclical, meaning they were intended to be passed around from church to church. The table below shows the texts from which Erasmus assembled his Greek New Testament. textus receptus, or received text was taken, and applied collectively and Granting every gratuitous concession to majority text advocates, in the least this shows that no majority text was “readily available” to Christians in Egypt. is passe, since neither is recognized by experts in the field as the standard There’s no scriptural basis for the idea whatsoever, and so asserting it dogmatically is a very bad idea. Further, we’ll assume the “persistence of errors”, meaning faithful scribes will copy even the errors of previous scribes. In modern times, all of these various Greek manuscripts we’ve just discussed are called the “Textus Receptus”. Erasmus used several Greek manuscripts, which were eastern / Byzantine in nature. 60 The Identity of the New Testament Text, p. 150. For example in 1968 he argued that this doctrine is “most important” and “what one believes does make a difference.”5 Further he linked the preservation of Scripture to the majority text in such a way that a denial of one necessarily entails a denial of the other: “The doctrine of Divine Preservation of the New Testament Text depends upon the interpretation of the evidence which recognizes the Traditional Text to be the continuation of the autographa.”6 In other words, Pickering seems to be saying, “If we reject the majority text view, we reject the doctrine of preservation.”7. That means the only support for the Doctrine of (perfect) Preservation is the tradition of men. I perceived in the middle of the great hall a large and wide basket full of old parchments, But I could not get them to yield up possession of the remainder. Thank you for a very educational and splendid essay on comparative text types. be deprived of adequate Carson has gone so far as to state that “nothing we believe to be doctrinally true, and nothing we are commanded to do, is in any way jeopardized by the variants. I used to by KJV-only. If the Textus Receptus and the KJV are correct then people can lose their salvation, as you pointed out. Between these extremes, a “medium” or “vulgate” text exists. Hopefully you found it useful, complete, and you now have a good understanding of Textual Criticism. If you look at the earlier papyrus, there’s even more singular readings. Robert Estienne 1550 Theodore Beza 1598 Elzevir 1624 Scrivener 1894 Reina Valera 1909. But the word of our God stands forever.”. When the majority text was being compiled by Hodges translators was in existence until 1881 when F. H. A. Scrivener produced such an It bears traces of careless transcription in every page. While the text itself seems less liberal in many places, the places it is liberal are very important. However, it’s an attempt to reconstruct that text, not that actual text itself. The earliest forms of the Syriac are also either Western or Alexandrian.35 What is the oldest version, then, that is based on the majority text? They argue this way on the analogy of one version, the Latin Vulgate (for it is known historically that Jerome produced this). This is our sample text One reason could be that “something is always lost in translation”. The Codex Vaticanus also contains several of the deuterocanonical books, namely: the Book of Wisdom, Ecclesiasticus (Sirach), Judith, Tobit, Baruch, and the Letter to Jeremiah. Thy word is true from the beginning: and every one of thy righteous judgments endureth for ever. NIV, marketed by said Rupert Murdock,  is being exposed for its According to WEB’s rules, that person should rename his Bible translation. The KJV reads: For this cause ought the woman to have power on her head because of the angels. (Even though it snowed last night and she wouldn’t be caught dead outside our apartment in her pajamas)  I mean, it’s possible…  Right? No scribal duties for me. majority text) as our standard text, our text of last appeal. (Estienne was also known as Stephanus.) The relevant portion says: “Textum ergo habes, nunc ab omnibus receptum: in quo nihil immutatum aut corruptum damus”, (Roughly Translated: “so you hold the text, now received by all, in which nothing (is) corrupt”.). (Note: the “He” in the quote below is Dean Burgon). general uniformity, a uniformity based on the fact that all these texts are more Since the Alexandrian Codices were definitely older than any document in the Textus Receptus, it was believed that these verses did not exist in the original manuscripts that the apostles wrote & were added by eager scribes & priests sometime between the 3 rd century & the 5 th. ( ‘her own’ are supplied and not in the original but like the KJV and the NKJV versions makes it clear that the authority or symbolic authority is placed on or over the woman’s own head). Second, the extant versional manuscripts are virtually triple the extant Greek manuscripts in number (i.e., there are about 15,000 versional manuscripts). be (and are) places in the Greek New Testament where the evidence is not clear This is usually the position taken by Majority Text advocates to explain why there are no purely Byzantine manuscripts in the early centuries. Medium = Byzantine Text type, characterized by near-identical form over 1000+ years, and most manuscripts are of this type, Long/paraphrase = Western Text type, characterized by its “love of paraphrase” is like the “uncontrolled popular text” of Homer. His particular view of preservation seems to have dictated for him that the majority text must be right. However, I would only make that the starting point. Again, let’s assume you were in charge of copying the New Testament with several manuscripts to choose from, say five. Whenever a woman puts on the head covering she is proclaiming a message to the angels. I’m truly awed that someone created a single sentence for marketing that has echoed through the centuries.

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